Cajamarca is a state Region in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. It is located at heights reaching 8900 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, in total the largest in the world.
The Wari’ people conquered earlier cultures in the highlands. They established the administrative center of Wiraquchapampa.
In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.
Cajamarca had long been one of the oldest cities in South America when the Spanish arrived in their conquest of Peru.
The Region is divided in thirteen provinces.
- Cajabamba (Cajabamba)
- Cajamarca (Cajamarca)
- Celendín (Celendín)
- Chota (Chota)
- Contumazá (Contumazá)
- Cutervo (Cutervo)
- Hualgayoc (Bambamarca)
- Jaén (Jaén)
- San Ignacio (San Ignacio)
- San Marcos (San Marcos)
- San Miguel (San Miguel de Pallaques)
- San Pablo (San Pablo)
- Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Succhubamba)